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mx id: 1088 | OBO id: HAO:0000188 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000188
carina synonyms: crest, lamella, lamina, ledge, ridge
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The process that is elongate and external.
written by: hao@lists.hymenopterists.org. 2013. [Hao] What's the preferred term?..

Relationships / properties:
The carina is a process.
The carina is part of the cuticle. The carina is part of the sclerite.

Label usage (sensu)
carina by Deans, A. R. 2009. HAO curator..
lamina by Miko, I. 2009. -2019 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
lamella by Miko, I. 2009. -2019 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
crest by Miko, I. 2009. -2019 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
carina by Ronquist, F., and G. Nordlander. 1989. Skeletal morphology of an archaic cynipoid, Ibalia rufipes (Hymenoptera: Ibaliidae). Entomologica Scandinavica, Supplement 33:1-60.
lamella by Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
ledge by Buffington, M. L., and S. van Noort. 2012. Revision of the Afrotropical Oberthuerellinae (Cynipoidea: Liopteridae). Zootaxa 202:1-154.
ridge by Brothers, D. J. 1994. A New Genus and Four New Species of Mutillidae Associated with Brachyponera lutea Mayr (Formicidae) in Western Australia (Hymenop tera). Australian Journal of Entomology 33:143-152.
Comments and tags
alternative definition added over 6 years ago by Istvan Miko
The process that is linear and external.
  Reference: Deans, A. R. 2009. HAO curator..
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added almost 10 years ago by Istvan Miko
A ridge or small keel on a sclerite.
  Reference: Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added over 9 years ago by Istvan Miko
A thin plate-like or leaf-like cuticular protrusion.
  Reference: Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
  Cross reference: false

alternative definition added over 10 years ago by Istvan Miko
An external, simple ridge.
  Reference: Ronquist, F., and G. Nordlander. 1989. Skeletal morphology of an archaic cynipoid, Ibalia rufipes (Hymenoptera: Ibaliidae). Entomologica Scandinavica, Supplement 33:1-60.
  Cross reference: None provided.


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