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mx id: 1105 | OBO id: HAO:0000306 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000306
epistomal sulcus synonyms: clypeal suture, clypeo-frontal carina, clypeo-frontal sulcus, clypeo-frontal suture, epistomal carina, epistomal groove, epistomal suture, fronto-clypeal carina, fronto-clypeal groove, fronto-clypeal sulcus, fronto-clypeal suture, frontoclypeal sulcus, frontoclypeal suture, nasal suture, sutura anteroclypealis, sutura epistomalis, sutura epistomatalis, sutura frontoclypealis
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The sulcus that extends along the epistomal line.
written by: Miko, I. 2009. -2014 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Relationships / properties:
The epistomal sulcus is a sulcus.
The epistomal sulcus is part of the face. The epistomal sulcus is part of the integument. The epistomal sulcus is part of the sclerite.

Figures
Opius dissitus Muesebeck
Opius dissitus Muesebeck

Label usage (sensu)
epistomal sulcus by Ronquist, F., and G. Nordlander. 1989. Skeletal morphology of an archaic cynipoid, Ibalia rufipes (Hymenoptera: Ibaliidae). Entomologica Scandinavica, Supplement 33:1-60.
fronto-clypeal sulcus by Leponce, M., T. Delsinne , Y. Laurent, J. Cillis, I. Bachy, A. Heughebaert, P. Desmet, and N. Youdjou. 2010. RBINS Ant eMuseum Paraguay Collection Glossary. Availble at http://projects.biodiversity.be/ants/.
epistomal groove by Curators, H. A. O. 2009. The Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology Curation Team. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
epistomal suture by Curators, H. A. O. 2009. The Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology Curation Team. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
fronto-clypeal suture by Curators, H. A. O. 2009. The Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology Curation Team. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
epistomal suture by Snodgrass, R. E. 1935. Principles of insect morphology. McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York & London 667 pp.
epistomal groove by Goulet, H., and J. T. Huber. 1993. Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E., Ottawa, ON 668 pp.
epistomal sulcus by Deans, A. R. 2009. HAO curator..
fronto-clypeal suture by Sharkey, M.J. and R.A. Wharton 1997. Morphology and terminology. Pages 19-38. In: Wharton, R.A., P.M. Marsh, and M.J. Sharkey (Eds), Manual of the New World genera of Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Special Publication of the International Society of Hymenopterists. Vol. 1: 1-439 pp.
epistomal sulcus by Karlsson, D., and F. Ronquist. 2012. Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius, with a Discussion of Terminology and Morphological Variation in Opiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). PLoS ONE 7:1-38.
clypeal suture by Smith, J. B. 1906. Explanation of terms used in Entomology. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society:154.
clypeo-frontal suture by Smith, J. B. 1906. Explanation of terms used in Entomology. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society:154.
epistomal carina by Swaine , J. M. 1918. Canadian bark-beetles: a preliminary classification, with an account of the habits and means of contro. 2:141.
frontoclypeal sulcus by Bigelow, R. S. 1954. MORPHOLOGY OF THE FACE IN THE HYMENOPTERA. Canadian Journal of Zoology 32:378-392.
clypeo-frontal sulcus by Evans, J. M. 1963. The phylogeny of the Homoptera. Annual Review of Entomology 8:77-94.
fronto-clypeal carina by Bohart, R. M., and A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World, A Generic Revision. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA 695 pp.
fronto-clypeal groove by Gibson, L. B. 1977. A new genus of Blacinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Pacific Insects 17:241-245.
clypeo-frontal carina by Howden, H. F. 1980. Gillaspytes janzeni, a new genus and species of North American Dynastinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). The Canadian Entomologist 112:89-92.
fronto-clypeal suture by Staig, R. A. 1940. The Fabrician types of insects in the Hunterian collection at Glasgow University Coleoptera Part II . Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 164 pp.
frontoclypeal suture by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
sutura epistomatalis by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
sutura anteroclypealis by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
sutura epistomalis by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
sutura frontoclypealis by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
nasal suture by Nichols, S. W. (eds.). 1989. The Torre-Bueno Glossary of Entomology. New York Entomological Society and the American Museum of Natural History, New York.
Comments and tags
alternative definition added over 8 years ago by Istvan Miko
The epistomal line that is a sulcus.
  Reference: Deans, A. R. 2009. HAO curator..
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added about 9 years ago by Istvan Miko
When visible, sulcus that differentiates the clypeus from the rest of the lower face; sometimes used only for the mostly horizontal portion of the sulcus between the anterior tentorial pits (see also clypeogenal sulcus).
  Reference: Gibson , G. A. P., J. D. Read , and R. Fairchild. 1998. Chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea): illustrated glossary of positional and morphological terms ..
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added over 9 years ago by Andy Deans
A groove defining the lateral and dorsal margin of the clypeus !
  Reference: Goulet, H., and J. T. Huber. 1993. Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E., Ottawa, ON 668 pp.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added over 7 years ago by Kelly Dew
The sulcus that extends between the two anterior tentorial pits, partly separating the (lower) face from the clypeus.
  Reference: Karlsson, D., and F. Ronquist. 2012. Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius, with a Discussion of Terminology and Morphological Variation in Opiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). PLoS ONE 7:1-38.
  Cross reference: None provided.

comment added almost 9 years ago by Matt Yoder
Epistomal sulcus sensu Goulet and Huber 1993 and one of the two instances sensu Gibson et al. 1998 are homonyms, since they refer the anatomical cluster composed of the clypeogenal sulcus and epistomal sulcus sensu HAO.
  Reference: Miko, I. 2009. -2014 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added over 9 years ago by Andy Deans
The sulcus connecting the anterior tentorial pits.
  Reference: Ronquist, F., and G. Nordlander. 1989. Skeletal morphology of an archaic cynipoid, Ibalia rufipes (Hymenoptera: Ibaliidae). Entomologica Scandinavica, Supplement 33:1-60.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added over 9 years ago by Andy Deans
transverse suture between the anterior tentorial pits, separating the face from the clypeus ! "fronto-clypeal suture"
  Reference: Sharkey, M.J. and R.A. Wharton 1997. Morphology and terminology. Pages 19-38. In: Wharton, R.A., P.M. Marsh, and M.J. Sharkey (Eds), Manual of the New World genera of Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Special Publication of the International Society of Hymenopterists. Vol. 1: 1-439 pp.
  Cross reference: None provided.


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