go: search | analyze | give feedback | references | terms | tree | partonomy | pulse | about / how to cite
mx id: 482 | OBO id: HAO:0000371 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000371
gena synonyms: cheek, genal area, postgena, temple
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The area that is delimited by the intersection of the interorbital plane, the margin of the compound eye, the margin of the oral foramen, the occipital carina and the malar sulcus.
written by: Yoder, M. J. 2009. Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Relationships / properties:
The gena is a area.
The gena is part of the cranium. The gena is part of the cuticle.

Figures
Megalyridae
Gryon
Evaniscus tibialis Sz├ępligeti, 1903; Evaniscus tibialis Sz├ępligeti, 1903
Opius dissitus Muesebeck

Label usage (sensu)
gena by Goulet, H., and J. T. Huber. 1993. Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E., Ottawa, ON 668 pp.
gena by Yoder, M. J. 2009. Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
genal area by Michener, C. D. 2000. The Bees of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA 913 pp.
genal area by Curators, H. A. O. 2009. The Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology Curation Team. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.
temple by Townes, H., and V. K. Gupta. 1962. Ichneumon-flies of America North of Mexico: 4 subfamily Gelinae, tribe Hemigasterini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 2:1-305.
gena by Smith, L., and R. D. Shenefelt. 1956. A guide to the subfamily and tribes of the family Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) known to occur in Wisconsin. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 44:165-219.
gena by Karlsson, D., and F. Ronquist. 2012. Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius, with a Discussion of Terminology and Morphological Variation in Opiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). PLoS ONE 7:1-38.
postgena by Snodgrass, R. E. 1942. The skeleto-muscular mechanisms of the honey bee. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 103:1-120.
cheek by Zombori, L., and H. Steinmann. 1999. Dictionary of Insect Morphology. Handbuch der Zoologie 4:1-404.
Comments and tags
comment added over 9 years ago by Matt Yoder
The present definition more precisely defines the problematic "dorsal" delimitation of the gena, which is nebulous in *all* currently used definitions.
  Reference: None provided.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added about 10 years ago by Andy Deans
The cheek. The lateral part of the head between the compound eye and, when present, the occipital carina. Otherwise, the lower (in hypognathous head) or anterior (in prognathous head) part of the back of the head between the compound eye and the occiput.
  Reference: Goulet, H., and J. T. Huber. 1993. Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E., Ottawa, ON 668 pp.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added almost 8 years ago by Kelly Dew
The area that is delimited by the intersection of the interorbital plane, the margin of the compound eye, the margin of the oral foramen and, when present, the occipital carina and the malar sulcus.
  Reference: Karlsson, D., and F. Ronquist. 2012. Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius, with a Discussion of Terminology and Morphological Variation in Opiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). PLoS ONE 7:1-38.
  Cross reference: None provided.

alternative definition added about 13 years ago by Andy Deans
the lateral parts of the parietals, generally the areas behind and beneath the eyes
  Reference: Snodgrass, R. E. 1935. Principles of insect morphology. McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York & London 667 pp.
  Cross reference: None provided.


Search again
You must select a result from the list before clicking show