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mx id: 8725 | OBO id: HAO:0002105 | URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0002105
cardinal fragmentum synonyms: cardinal flap, lorum
Defined (both definition and relationships must be met)
Definition:
The sclerite that is elongate, paired, is lateral to the cardo and is articulated with the cardo and with the stipes.
written by: Miko, I. 2009. -2019 Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Relationships / properties:
The cardinal fragmentum is a sclerite.
The cardinal fragmentum is part of the cuticle. The cardinal fragmentum is part of the mouthparts.

Label usage (sensu)
cardinal fragmentum by Prentice, M. A. 1998. The comparative morphology and phylogeny of Apoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) Thesis (Ph D in Entomology)--University of California, Berkeley..
lorum by Bugnion, E. 1923. Les organes buccaux de la Scolie (Scolia bifasciata Rossi). Bull. Soc. Ent. Suisse 13(6): 285-313.
lorum by Osten, T. 1982. Vergleichend-funktionsmorphologische Untersuchungen der Kopfkapsel und der Mundwerkzeuge ausgewahlter >Scolioidea< (Hymenoptera, Aculeata). Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. ser. A. (BioI.) 354: 1-60.
cardinal flap by Plant, J. D., and H. F. Paulus. 1987. Comparative morphology of the postmentum of bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) with special remarks on the evolution of the lorum. Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematic Evolutionsforschung 25:81-103.
Comments and tags
comment added over 7 years ago by Istvan Miko
Absent from Heterogyna, Alyssonini, Laphyragogus, Pseudoscolia, Aphilanthopini, Palarus, most Larrini, most Miscophini...Absence of the fragmentum appears to be associated, at least in part, with the lengthening of the proboscis.
  Reference: Prentice, M. A. 1998. The comparative morphology and phylogeny of Apoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) Thesis (Ph D in Entomology)--University of California, Berkeley..
  Cross reference: None provided.


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